WESTERN PHILOSOPHY: “What is Utilitarianism?” / Philosophical Definitions Series / Carneades ☮

An explication of Utilitarianism, the most well known of the versions of Consequentialism, including where it stands on the ten distinctions outlined in the previous video on the Map of Consequentialism. Distinctions include, act vs rule, actual vs expected, hedonistic vs pluralistic, and more!

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY: “Arthur Schopenhauer: Deeply Influenced by Buddhist Thought” / The School of Life / Alain de Botton ☮

Arthur Schopenhauer was deeply influenced by Buddhist thought and is in many ways the West’s answer to it: he too tells us to reign in our desires and adopt a consolingly pessimistic attitude to our struggles.