WESTERN PHILOSOPHY – STOICISM: “The philosophy of Stoicism” / Massimo Pigliucci ☮

What is the best life we can live? How can we cope with whatever the universe throws at us and keep thriving nonetheless? The ancient Greco-Roman philosophy of Stoicism explains that while we may not always have control over the events affecting us, we can have control over how we approach things. Massimo Pigliucci describes the philosophy of Stoicism.

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY: “Arthur Schopenhauer: Deeply Influenced by Buddhist Thought” / The School of Life / Alain de Botton ☮

Arthur Schopenhauer was deeply influenced by Buddhist thought and is in many ways the West’s answer to it: he too tells us to reign in our desires and adopt a consolingly pessimistic attitude to our struggles.

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY – ETHICS: “Cornel West: The Difference Between Justice and Revenge” ☮

Institutions—governmental, religious, financial, even revolution itself—have a way of turning stale and sour. “Thank God for the history of the heretics and the blasphemers. That’s my crowd,” says Dr. Cornell West. Quoting from some of history and literature’s greatest thinkers and doers, West presents a poetic lecture on the role of hope in America’s past and its future, and how to make your voice matter. This video was filmed at the Los Angeles Hope Festival, a collaboration between Big Think and Hope & Optimism, a three-year initiative which supported interdisciplinary academic research into significant questions that remain under-explored. For more from Dr. Cornell West, head to http://www.cornelwest.com.

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY – POLITICAL THEORY: “Hannah Arendt” / Philosophical Overdose ☮

Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the political philosophy of Hannah Arendt in this BBC episode of In Our Time. Hannah Arendt developed many of her ideas in response to the rise of totalitarianism in the 20th century, partly informed by her own experience as a Jew in Nazi Germany before her escape to France and then America. She wanted to understand how politics had taken such a disastrous turn and, drawing on ideas of Greek philosophers as well as her peers, what might be done to create a better political life. Often unsettling, she wrote of ‘the banality of evil’ when covering the trial of Eichmann, one of the organisers of the Holocaust. The guests are Lyndsey Stonebridge, Professor of Modern Literature and History at the University of East Anglia; Frisbee Sheffield, Lecturer in Philosophy at Girton College, University of Cambridge; and Robert Eaglestone, Professor of Contemporary Literature and Thought at Royal Holloway, University London.