CRITICAL THINKING: “Why Skepticism is the Right Approach to the Afterlife, Immortality, and Utopia” / Michael Shermer ☮

Bear with us for a second, but do you know the Belinda Carlisle song “Heaven is a Place on Earth”? It’s actually scientifically accurate. American public intellectual Michael Shermer says that any idea of the afterlife makes zero sense: your mind and therefore your memories are beholden to your body and that any version of you that made it into heaven, should there actually be one, would just be a copy of you and unable to register that they were actually in heaven. Likewise, should you be able to scan your brain and “live forever” by being uploaded to a body in the future, it still wouldn’t be you, just a copy. Confused? The explanation makes more sense from the mouth of Shermer himself… writing the theory behind multiple you’s living in various timelines gets a little too Back to the Future… another sweet ’80s reference if we do say so ourselves.

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY: “What is Utilitarianism?” / Philosophical Definitions Series / Carneades ☮

An explication of Utilitarianism, the most well known of the versions of Consequentialism, including where it stands on the ten distinctions outlined in the previous video on the Map of Consequentialism. Distinctions include, act vs rule, actual vs expected, hedonistic vs pluralistic, and more!

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY – STOICISM: “The philosophy of Stoicism” / Massimo Pigliucci ☮

What is the best life we can live? How can we cope with whatever the universe throws at us and keep thriving nonetheless? The ancient Greco-Roman philosophy of Stoicism explains that while we may not always have control over the events affecting us, we can have control over how we approach things. Massimo Pigliucci describes the philosophy of Stoicism.

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY: “Arthur Schopenhauer: Deeply Influenced by Buddhist Thought” / The School of Life / Alain de Botton ☮

Arthur Schopenhauer was deeply influenced by Buddhist thought and is in many ways the West’s answer to it: he too tells us to reign in our desires and adopt a consolingly pessimistic attitude to our struggles.