WESTERN PHILOSOPHY – EXISTENTIALISM: “Simone de Beauvoir on Existentialism & God (1959)” / Philosophy Overdose ☮

Two short clips of Simone de Beauvoir discussing the existentialist conception of man and her views on God in an interview with Wilfrid Lemoyne from Radio-Canada in 1959.

WESTERN PHILOSOPHY – EXISTENTIALISM: “‘God Is Dead’: What Nietzsche Really Meant” / big think / Scotty Hendricks ☮


It’s been 134 years since Friedrich Nietzsche declared: “God is Dead”, giving philosophy students a collective headache that’s lasted from the 19th century until today. It is, perhaps, one of the best known statements in all of philosophy, well known even to those who have never picked up a copy of The Gay Science, the book from which it originates. But do we know exactly what he meant? Or perhaps more importantly, what it means for us?

Nietzsche was an atheist for his adult life and didn’t mean that there was a God who had actually died, rather that our idea of one had. After the Enlightenment, the idea of a universe that was governed by physical laws and not by divine providence was now reality. Philosophy had shown that governments no longer needed to be organized around the idea of divine right to be legitimate, but rather by the consent or rationality of the governed — that large and consistent moral theories could exist without reference to God. Europe no longer needed God as the source for all morality, value, or order in the universe; philosophy and science were capable of doing that for us. This increasing secularization of thought led the philosopher to realize that not only was God dead but that we had killed him with our own desire to better understand our world.

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WESTERN PHILOSOPHY – EXISTENTIALISM: “Why you Should be Watching Fargo Already” / Albert Camus ☮

Every episode of Fargo to date has been titled after a piece of literature, and characters have quoted everyone from Lewis Carroll to Albert Camus. The literary choices never seem random, thematically commenting on the action of the show. Episode three is named after Camus’s The Myth of Sisyphus and feels like a major inspiration for the entire season, given Noreen’s extended philosophical discussion of it with Ed and Charlie in episode five (and Ed’s subsequent misinterpretation of it in episode six). How many TV shows in 2015 can introduce you to the works of Kafka, Camus, and Ionesco?
h/t: Vulture