In this lecture we will learn about Parmenides, a Presocratic philosopher who concluded that birth, change, motion, and death are illusory.
William Shakespeare, 1564 – 1616
To be, or not to be: that is the question:
Whether ‘tis nobler in the mind to suffer
The slings and arrows of outrageous fortune,
Or to take arms against a sea of troubles,
And by opposing end them? To die: to sleep;
No more; and by a sleep to say we end
The heart-ache and the thousand natural shocks
That flesh is heir to, ‘tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wish’d. To die, to sleep;
To sleep: perchance to dream: ay, there’s the rub
;For in that sleep of death what dreams may come
When we have shuffled off this mortal coil,
Must give us pause: there’s the respect
That makes calamity of so long life;
For who would bear the whips and scorns of time,
The oppressor’s wrong, the proud man’s contumely,
The pangs of despised love, the law’s delay,
The insolence of office and the spurns
That patient merit of the unworthy takes,
When he himself might his quietus make
With a bare bodkin? who would fardels bear,
To grunt and sweat under a weary life,
But that the dread of something after death,
The undiscover’d country from whose bourn
No traveller returns, puzzles the will
And makes us rather bear those ills we have
Than fly to others that we know not of?
Thus conscience does make cowards of us all;
And thus the native hue of resolution
Is sicklied o’er with the pale cast of thought,
And enterprises of great pith and moment
With this regard their currents turn awry,
And lose the name of action.–Soft you now!
The fair Ophelia! Nymph, in thy orisons
Be all my sins remember’d.
Every episode of Fargo to date has been titled after a piece of literature, and characters have quoted everyone from Lewis Carroll to Albert Camus. The literary choices never seem random, thematically commenting on the action of the show. Episode three is named after Camus’s The Myth of Sisyphus and feels like a major inspiration for the entire season, given Noreen’s extended philosophical discussion of it with Ed and Charlie in episode five (and Ed’s subsequent misinterpretation of it in episode six). How many TV shows in 2015 can introduce you to the works of Kafka, Camus, and Ionesco?
h/t: Hammer the Gods
h/t: Atheism 411
Epicurus (341 BCE – 270 BCE)
Ancient Greek philosopher as well as the founder
of the school of philosophy called Epicureanism
h/t: Anti-Theists. Pro Active Atheists. Opposing Religious Harm.